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What is RBI’s role with regard to conduct of Government’s banking transaction?

According to Section 20 of the RBI Act, 1934, RBI has obligation to undertake the receipts and payments of the Central Government and to carry out the exchange, remittance and other banking operations, including the management of the public debt of the Union. Further, as per Section 21 of the said Act, RBI has the right to transact Government business of the Union in India.

State Government transactions are carried out by RBI in terms of the agreement entered into with the State Governments in terms of section 21 A of the Act. As of now, such agreements exist between RBI and all the State Governments except with the Govts. of Jammu and Kashmir and Sikkim.