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What is the difference between Agreement to sell and Sale deed? Can the Title of a property be transferred only on the basis of a registered Agreement to sell?  Is it necessary to make a registered sale deed to transfer such property though there is an Agreement to sell between two parties and is also registered?

- by Rajiv, Greater Noida

Agreement to sell is a preliminary arrangement entered between the Seller and the Purchaser for the agreed rate, terms, mode of payment and other conditions for transfer of a property whereas the sale deed is a transaction on or after conveying the property after payment of full sale consideration.   Ownership of the property cannot be transferred by Agreement to Sell, whereas on execution of sale deed, ownership gets transferred.  Entering into Agreement to sell is optional.  However, it is advisable to enter into Agreement to sell before the execution of a sale deed, because parties can change their mind even on day of registration of the sale deed.    Only by means of registered sale deed, the title of property can be transferred. Hence it is necessary to register the sale deed.

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These are all the legal questions answered by Advocate S.Selvakumar in various magazines, in various occasion including realestate reporter monthly.

QUESTIONS

Q:- I have purchased a flat in a recently constructed apartment at Kanakapura Road. The area comes under the jurisdiction of BDA. All the owners have agreed to form an association. There is some doubt, where the association is to be registered, Registrar of Firms or Registrar of Co-operative Society. Some owners mention that the association has to be registered with the Sub-Registrar. We seek your guidance?

Q:- I have a small query regarding execution of sale deed. I had purchased a commercial office property in Ranchi city during 2002. Recently I observed that in the sale deed only the seller (builder) has signed the documents and I didn’t sign the deed. Further I checked with other people also who had purchased their properties during that time and didn’t find their signature either on the sale deed. In this case, is my sale deed still valid or do I need to get executed another sale deed with my signature on it.

Q:- My friend had purchased a house in Mysore.  It has only ground floor.  He has permitted me to construct another floor (Ist Floor) and to use it for my residence or to let out.  He assures me that I would be the Owner of that floor and is willing to execute any documents in this regard.  Please suggest the proper documents to be obtained.

Q:- Who can sign as witness to a document? What is meant by Identification of sale deed? 

Q:- Certain hidden facts like pending cases, prior agreements, government notification of the property cannot be traced easily by verification of the documents.  How can these hidden factors be uncovered, and what should a purchaser do to protect himself against these factors?