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In our Apartments (12 flats) the builder, represented by sellers GPA, has sold the open land in front/rear of ground floor flats to them and a car parking at the main entrance gate to 3rd floor owner.  Schedule of A property measures 7190.5 Sft.  Schedule B property spells out an undivided share, right, title and interest in that piece and parcel of property described in Schedule A mentioned, equivalent to 538.80 Sft. for C type flats;  570.40 Sft. to B type flats;  measuring 688.30 Sft. to A type flats. C schedule spells out individual flats super built up area together with proportionate share in common areas with car parking. That is the sale deed puts the owners in physical possession of 538.80 Sft (C type) 570.40 Sq.ft (B type) and 682.30 Sft (A type) undivided interest in the said schedule property. Also the builder/sellers have retained the right to use the Terrace to put up further floors and the facilities provided including lift are just sufficient for 12 flats.  Is it lawfully right to sell the common land, car parking at the main entrance to the 3rd floor owner.  Is it lawfully right to retain the terrace rights and put up further floors?

- by Laskshmi, Bangalore

Unless the documents are verified it is not possible to offer specific legal advice and the advice given here under is of general nature.

The common areas is the property of all the flat owners meant for general / common use which is proportionate to the undivided share of the land.  Car parking is also linked to the undivided share and is not a separate distinct unit as such.

Entire land is divided by total built up area to arrive at undivided share. Common areas and car parking cannot be sold separately independent of flats. On sale of all the flats entire undivided share of the land is sold. After the sale of 100% undivided share, any purchaser of only car parking or common area without the flat, will not get legally valid right, title, interest.

With regard to retaining terrace rights to construct further flats, it depends on the permissible FAR and approval of plans from the proper authority.  Any structure beyond 30 feet height needs to be approved by the Town Planning Authority.

Builders/Owners are also required to transfer the entire property to the Owners Association. You may take up the matter through Owners Association.

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These are all the legal questions answered by Advocate S.Selvakumar in various magazines, in various occasion including realestate reporter monthly.

QUESTIONS

Q:- I have purchased a flat in a recently constructed apartment at Kanakapura Road. The area comes under the jurisdiction of BDA. All the owners have agreed to form an association. There is some doubt, where the association is to be registered, Registrar of Firms or Registrar of Co-operative Society. Some owners mention that the association has to be registered with the Sub-Registrar. We seek your guidance?

Q:- I have a small query regarding execution of sale deed. I had purchased a commercial office property in Ranchi city during 2002. Recently I observed that in the sale deed only the seller (builder) has signed the documents and I didn’t sign the deed. Further I checked with other people also who had purchased their properties during that time and didn’t find their signature either on the sale deed. In this case, is my sale deed still valid or do I need to get executed another sale deed with my signature on it.

Q:- My friend had purchased a house in Mysore.  It has only ground floor.  He has permitted me to construct another floor (Ist Floor) and to use it for my residence or to let out.  He assures me that I would be the Owner of that floor and is willing to execute any documents in this regard.  Please suggest the proper documents to be obtained.

Q:- Who can sign as witness to a document? What is meant by Identification of sale deed? 

Q:- Certain hidden facts like pending cases, prior agreements, government notification of the property cannot be traced easily by verification of the documents.  How can these hidden factors be uncovered, and what should a purchaser do to protect himself against these factors?